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Katipunan

Andres Bonifacio

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The failure of the reform movement became quite evident in 1892 when Dr. Jose Rizal was arrested and banished to Dapitan.  Andres Bonifacio founded the Katipunan on the very night that the news of Rizal's deportation to Dapitan leaked out.  Bonifacio and his followers did not dream of mere reforms.  They were interested in liberating the country from the tyranny of the Spaniards and the only way, in their minds, to accomplish their end was to prepare the people for armed conflict.  Thus, Bonifacio founded the Katipunan on a radical platform, to secure the independence and freedom of the Philippines by force of arms.  The official name of his organization was Kataastaasan, Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan,  The Highest and Most Respectful Society of the Sons of the People.

 
 
 
Katipunan Code of Conduct

 

       The life that is not consecrated to a lofty and reasonable purpose is a tree without a shade, if not a poisonous weed.

       To do good for personal gain and not for its own sake is not true virtue.

       It is rational to be charitable and love ones fellow creature, and to adjust ones conduct, acts and words to what is in itself reasonable.

       Whether our skin be black or white, we are all born equal; superiority in knowledge, wealth and beauty are to be understood, but not superiority by nature.

       The honorable man prefers honor to personal gain; the scoundrel, gain to honor.

       Do not waste thy time; wealth can be recovered, but not time lost.

       Defend the oppressed and fight the oppressor before the law or in the field.

       The prudent man is sparing in words and faithful in keeping secrets.

       On the thorny path of life, man is the guide of women and the children, and if the guide leads to the precipice, those whom he guides will also go there.

       Thou must not look upon woman as a mere plaything, but as a faithful companion who will share with thee the penalties of life; her (physical) weakness will increase thy interest in her and she will remind thee of the mother who bore thee and reared thee.

       What thou dost not desire done unto thy wife, children, brothers and sisters, that do not unto the wife, children, brothers and sisters of thy neighbor.

       Man is not worth more because he is a king, because he is now aquiline, and his color white, not because he is a priest, a servant of god, nor because of the high prerogative he enjoys on earth, but he is worth most who is a man of proven value, who does good, keeps his word, is worthy and honest; he who does not oppress nor consent to being oppressed, he who loves and cherishes his fatherland, though he be born in the wilderness and knows no tongue but his own.

 

When these rules of conduct shall be known to all, the longed-for sun of Liberty shall rise brilliantly over this most unhappy portion of the globe and its rays shall diffuse everlasting joy among the confederated brethren of the same rays, the lives of those who have gone before, the fatigues and the well-paid sufferings will remain.

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